Eczema

Eczema usually itches and can be red, blistering, scaly, brownish, and thickened. Atopic eczema means there is a tendency for excess inflammation in the skin and linings of the nose and lungs, often occurring when there is a family history of allergies, asthma, and sensitive skin. Eczema is very common. It can occur at any age but is most common in infants and young adults, and frequently improves with adolescence.

When the disease begins during infancy, it is called infantile eczema. A crusting rash occurs mainly on the face and scalp, but patches can appear anywhere. Generally improving before two years of age, proper treatment can help. In teens and young adults, patches generally occur on the hands and feet, but any area may me affected. Proper treatment can bring relief and reduce the severity and duration of eczema.

External medications such as steroids and immune modifying creams may be prescribed. Antihistamines can help decrease itching. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed if there is a secondary infection. For severe cases ultraviolet light treatments may be recommended.